In this second month of life, your baby continues to develop internal organs and other major structures of the body. By the end of the eighth week, all the organs are present. There is also continued growth and development of the brain and spinal column.
The arms and legs begin as small buds off the body, and during this second month they begin to lengthen. At the end of the arms and legs, tiny finger and toe buds begin to form. Even at this early stage, your baby already has individual fingerprints.
Your baby’s eyes and ears are beginning to form, although he will not be able to see or hear until later. If you could see into his gums you would find that tooth buds are beginning to appear.
At the end of the eighth week your baby will be around 1 inch long and weigh 0.1 oz.
By this point your body is in full pregnancy swing, and you may be feeling some major changes happening. Pregnancy hormones have caused your breasts to grow and mature, which may cause breast tenderness or soreness. These same hormones may be to blame for the morning sickness experienced by about half of all pregnant women.
As your metabolic rate increases, you will find that your overall energy need (calorie) has increased, especially your need for protein. Some women find that if they are not eating enough they feel lethargic, or may experience nausea. Fatigue is to be expected in early pregnancy, but it should not be excessive. Be sure you are eating enough good food and that you are getting adequate rest to ensure your body has the strength it needs every day.
Your blood volume has increased to help meet the needs of the baby. And blood supply to the uterus and vagina has increased significantly. You may find your vaginal area to be extra sensitive and slightly swollen from the extra blood. You will also notice an increased vaginal discharge that helps keep the vaginal canal clean and infection free.
You may also begin to have mood swings. Although increased moodiness is to be expected from the hormonal changes, it should not be excessive. The thyroid is especially sensitive during pregnancy, so you should alert your doctor to any indications that you may be experiencing above average moodiness.
These symptoms are commonly experienced during this month.